Thursday, March 03, 2011

Only One Could be the Christ

The Messiah! Who would he be and when would he come? He, as a single person, would have dual functions as king and high priest, and only one person in the universe could fulfill that remarkable role. The first mention of a messiah or savior for the human race goes back to the first book of the Bible, Genesis, at 3:15. And he arrived at just the right time in human history:
“God had maneuvered the nations in preparation for Messiah’s appearance, and the circumstances were ideal for spreading the news of that event far and wide. The fifth world power, Greece, had provided a common language, a universal means of communication among the nations. Rome, the sixth world power, had welded its subject nations into one world empire and had provided roads to make all parts of the empire accessible. Many Jews had been scattered throughout this empire, so that others had learned of the Jews’ expectation of a coming Messiah. And now, more than 4,000 years after the Edenic promise [at Genesis 3:15], the Messiah had appeared! The long-awaited promised Seed had come!”[1]
It is extremely important to realize that “God did not send some angel to rescue mankind. He made the supreme sacrifice of sending his only-begotten Son, “the one he was specially fond of.”—Proverbs 8:30; John 3:16.”[2] This is true because:

“Only Jehovah’s firstborn Son could measure up to the special needs of the situation involving sinful mankind. He is such an image of his heavenly Father in showing affection for members of the divinely produced family that he is without equal among the sons of God. Since all other intelligent creatures were brought into existence by means of him, his affection for them would certainly be abundant.”[3]
“It was on a mission of salvation that Jehovah lovingly sent his only-begotten Son. God did not send his Son here in order to judge the world. If God’s Son had been sent on such a judicial mission, the outlook for all mankind would have been hopeless. The sentence of adverse judgment that would have been pronounced by Jesus Christ upon the human family would have been condemnation to death. (Romans 5:12) Thus, by this unique expression of divine love, God counterbalanced the death sentence that sheer justice would have required.”[4]
By way of contrast, the LDS Church’s study manual, Gospel Principles, in chapter 3 presents Jesus and the pre-rebel Satan as equals who both made offers to be the Christ, or Messiah. Using the Mormon scriptures of the books of Abraham and Moses, it says:

We needed a Savior to pay for our sins and teach us how to return to our Heavenly Father. Our Father said, “Whom shall I send?” (Abraham 3:27). Jesus Christ, who was called Jehovah, said, “Here am I, send me” (Abraham 3:27; see also Moses 4:1–4).
Satan, who was called Lucifer, also came, saying, “Behold, here am I, send me, I will be thy son, and I will redeem all mankind, that one soul shall not be lost, and surely I will do it; wherefore give me thine honor” (Moses 4:1). Satan wanted to force us all to do his will. Under his plan, we would not be allowed to choose.[5]
Thus, it is clearly seen that Gospel Principles and the Mormon scriptures of Abraham and Moses presents them (Jesus and the person who later became Satan) both as having equal opportunity to become the Messiah. However, the angels were not in the same legal position to offer a ransom for Adam as Jesus was. Adam was God’s first intelligent physical production, his first physical son. And in accords with soteriological mechanics, the Messiah would have to offer what Adam lost. While any spiritual creation could have fulfilled the basic requirements of such, none could have fully corresponded to Adam as a firstborn son. And none would have known Jehovah God better than his firstborn son. Thus, only Jesus as God’s firstborn son could have fully satisfied the role of Messiah![6] (Refer to image below.)

From You Can Live Forever in Paradise on Earth (1982) page 63.

Think too of Jesus’ return to heaven before God. Then and there it was that “God exalted him to a superior position and kindly gave him the name that is above every other name, so that in the name of Jesus every knee should bend of those in heaven and those on earth and those under the ground, and every tongue should openly acknowledge that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father.” (Philippians 2:9-11) Immagine if a subordinate angel was the Messiah, he would be exaulted as Jesus is now!

Thus, when all these factors are taken into account, it becomes clear that only one person could have been the Messiah. And he was Jesus.

Additional Reading:
Who Is Jesus Christ?
[1] “Matthew.” All Scripture Inspired of God and Beneficial.

[2] The Watchtower. 1991 2/15 p. 14 par. 15 “A Corresponding Ransom for All.”

[3] The Watchtower. 1992 1/15 p. 10 par. 6 “Everlasting Happiness Awaits Godly Givers.”

[4] ibid. p. 11 par. 8

To learn how Lucifer was not Satan’s original name, and the credibility crisis this creates for Mormonism, please read my blog entry “Is Satan Lucifer?” ( Additionally, Jesus represents Jehovah his father, but is not the same person as Jehovah. In the Hebrew Bible, Jehovah is elohim, thus “Elohim” is not a separate person from Jehovah contrary to Mormon doctrine. It is also important to realize that God did not create Satan, rather he created the angel who later rebelled and became Satan, which in Hebrew means “Resister.”

[6] See my blog entry “Do You Reject Trinitarianism?,” number 1.

Related blog posts:

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Wednesday, March 02, 2011

False Prophecy or Misguided Interpretation of Prophecy?

There is a big difference between misguided and immature exegesis of prophecy or scripture and outright false prophecy. The later is an attempt to deceive by contradicting true prophecy and scripture.

One challenge offered to Jehovah’s Witnesses is to admit that they made mistakes. There is no cognitive dissonance about this. As one would expect from sincere Christians, this challenge is very easy to meet, as this one example shows:

The October 1, 1984 issue of The Watchtower on page 24, ‘Jehovah Has Dealt Rewardingly With Me,’ stated:
“Regarding his [Rutherford’s] misguided statements as to what we could expect in 1925, he once confessed to us at Bethel, I made an ass of myself.
Another such admission is found in our faith-strengthening history book Jehovah’s Witnesses: Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom:
“Later on, during the years from 1935 through 1944, a review of the overall framework of Bible chronology revealed that a poor translation of Acts 13:19, 20 in the King James Version, along with certain other factors, had thrown off the chronology by over a century. This later led to the idea—sometimes stated as a possibility, sometimes more firmly—that since the seventh millennium of human history would begin in 1975, events associated with the beginning of Christ’s Millennial Reign might start to take place then.

Did the beliefs of Jehovah’s Witnesses on these matters prove to be correct? They certainly did not err in believing that God would without fail do what he had promised. But some of their time calculations and the expectations that they associated with these gave rise to serious disappointments.” (pages 632-633)
Thus, it was a breakthrough in deciphering Bible chronology and uprooting an inherited and cherished error from the 19th century that led to the sensational (and sometimes immaturely expressed) expectations for 1975. But this did not prevent Jehovah’s Witnesses from continuing to study the Bible and improve our understanding of it.

Additionally, it states:
“In the years following 1966, many of Jehovah’s Witnesses acted in harmony with the spirit of that counsel [the main point about not being specific about what might happen]. However, other statements were published on this subject, and some were likely more definite than advisable. This was acknowledged in The Watchtower of March 15, 1980 (page 17). But Jehovah’s Witnesses were also cautioned to concentrate mainly on doing Jehovah’s will and not to be swept up by dates and expectations of an early salvation.” (page 104)
That cited Watchtower stated:
“With the appearance of the [1966] book Life Everlasting—in Freedom of the Sons of God, and its comments as to how appropriate it would be for the millennial reign of Christ to parallel the seventh millennium of man’s existence, considerable expectation was aroused regarding the year 1975. There were statements made then, and thereafter, stressing that this was only a possibility. Unfortunately, however, along with such cautionary information, there were other statements published that implied that such realization of hopes by that year was more of a probability than a mere possibility. It is to be regretted that these latter statements apparently overshadowed the cautionary ones and contributed to a buildup of the expectation already initiated.”
So blame was not cast on the Witness community, but on the ones taking the lead among them. Additionally, one cautionary comment declared the following near the end of 1974:
The publications of Jehovah’s witnesses have shown that, according to Bible chronology, it appears that 6,000 years of man’s existence will be completed in the mid-1970’s. But these publications have never said that the world’s end would come then. Nevertheless, there has been considerable individual speculation on the matter. So the assembly presentation “Why We Have Not Been Told ‘That Day and Hour’” was very timely. It emphasized that we do not know the exact time when God will bring the end. All we know is that the end will come within the generation that sees fulfilled on it the sign that Jesus Christ said would then be in evidence. (See Matthew chapters 24, 25.) All indications are that the fulfillment of this sign began in 1914. So we can be confident that the end is near; we do not have the slightest doubt that God will bring it about, the speaker stressed. But we have to wait and see exactly when, in the meantime keeping busy in God’s service. (The Watchtower 1974 October 15 p. 635, Growing in Appreciation for the “Divine Purpose”)
While cautions such as this may have been given less weight in light of the enthusiasm of others, it is most important to see the humility that was expressed then despite the disappointment that ensued.

Ones who wrestle with this issue of how God could be using people who in times past made immature date setting would do well to consider the psalmist King David’s words recorded at Psalm 69:5-7:
“O God, you yourself have come to know my foolishness,
And from you my own guiltiness has not been hidden.
O may those hoping in you not be ashamed because of me,
O Sovereign Lord, Jehovah of armies.
O may those seeking you not be humiliated because of me,
O God of Israel.
For on your account I have borne reproach,
Humiliation has covered my face.”
In this Psalm he speaks prophetically in the person of Jesus Christ. As such, the verses above could apply only to Christ’s representatives, his congregation, on earth.[1] Thus, this messianic prophecy includes the acknowledgment that Christ’s brothers would at times do foolish things, which is only to be expected, especially during the early years of coming out of Babylon the Great with Christendom’s false teachings of the Trinity and hellfire.

(All underscoring added by me.)

[1] See page 368 of the June 15, 1965 Watchtower.

The 1993 Awake! March 22 issue on page 4 Why So Many False Alarms? stated in a footnote:
Jehovah’s Witnesses, in their eagerness for Jesus’ second coming, have suggested dates that turned out to be incorrect. Because of this, some have called them false prophets. Never in these instances, however, did they presume to originate predictions ‘in the name of Jehovah.’ Never did they say, ‘These are the words of Jehovah.’ The Watchtower, the official journal of Jehovah’s Witnesses, has said: “We have not the gift of prophecy.” (January 1883, page 425) “Nor would we have our writings reverenced or regarded as infallible.” (December 15, 1896, page 306) The Watchtower has also said that the fact that some have Jehovah’s spirit “does not mean those now serving as Jehovah’s witnesses are inspired. It does not mean that the writings in this magazine The Watchtower are inspired and infallible and without mistakes.” (May 15, 1947, page 157) “The Watchtower does not claim to be inspired in its utterances, nor is it dogmatic.” (August 15, 1950, page 263) “The brothers preparing these publications are not infallible. Their writings are not inspired as are those of Paul and the other Bible writers. (2 Tim. 3:16) And so, at times, it has been necessary, as understanding became clearer, to correct views. (Prov. 4:18)”—February 15, 1981, page 19.

Additional reading:

Introductory picture is the Puyehue volcano in Chile, (AFP/File/Claudio Santana).